My name is Pascual and I work as a visual artist at Necsum.
The visual arts are the arts that produce objects perceived primarily by the eye.
They include the traditional plastic arts (the old fine arts freed from the restrictive notion of aesthetics, such as "beautiful"), to which are added the new techniques: photography, cinema, video art and digital art, but also the applied and decorative arts (textile art, design, marquetry...) and architecture. The modern movement, but especially contemporary art, and the introduction of non-Western art collections made it necessary to broaden the field of art to the new forms that were constantly appearing from the 1960s onwards. Criticism of the use of terms inherited from Western culture and applied indiscriminately to the whole planet and all times has contributed greatly to the use of the concept of "visual arts". Textiles have been an essential component of daily life since the beginnings of humankind; methods and know-how concerning their manufacture have therefore greatly evolved, while their functions have remained the same. The history of textile arts is strongly linked to international trade, e.g. the purple dye from Tyre was the subject of important trade on the shores of the Mediterranean in antiquity. The Silk Road brought Chinese silk to India, Africa and Europe. Tastes for imported luxury fabrics led to sumptuary laws during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.
The industrial revolution was a revolution for textile technologies: the appearance of machines such as Cotton gin or different types of mechanized looms (such as the Jacquard loom) improved the quantity of textiles produced, but caused dissatisfaction among workers, leading to movements such as Luddism in the United Kingdom or the Canuts revolt in Lyon, France.